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rare stones

Many people purchase gems by type - for example, they want to buy a sapphire, a tourmaline or an amethyst. Finding gems by color can often be hard, since sellers organize their inventory around gem varieties rather than colors. Here is a list of gem types organized by color.


Red gemstones are actually quite rare, and mainly occur in ruby, spinel and garnet. There is some very fine red tourmaline (sometimes called rubellite), but it is not often found.Ruby

  • Spinel
  • Garnet
  • Tourmaline Pink

The most popular pink gemstones are tourmaline and spinel. Pink sapphire is beautiful but rare.Sapphire

  • Tourmaline
  • Spinel
  • Rhodolite Garnet
  • Rose Quartz
  • Morganite


The classic blue gemstone is sapphire. Deeply saturated blue is also found in spinel.Sapphire

  • Tanzanite
  • Topaz
  • Spinel
  • Aquamarine
  • Lapis Lazuli
  • Tourmaline
  • Paraiba Tourmaline
  • Agate


The traditional green gem is emerald, but tsavorite garnet, chrome tourmaline and chrome diopside are good alternatives. Peridot, which is olive green, is now a popular gemstone.Emerald

  • Tourmaline
  • Paraiba Tourmaline
  • Chrome Tourmaline
  • Tsavorite Garnet
  • Demantoid Garnet
  • Peridot
  • Jade


Citrine is the most common yellow to gold gem.Citrine

  • Fire Opal
  • Chrysoberyl
  • Beryl
  • Quartz


Amethyst is the classic example, though fluorite can also be found in an amethyst-like purple.Amethyst


Spessartite garnet is the most famous orange gem but there are a number of others.Spessartite Garnet

  • Imperial Topaz
  • Moonstone
  • Star Moonstone
  • Citrine